The Importance of Nutrition

Nutrition is known as the intake of food based on your body’s dietary needs. An adequate, well-rounded diet coupled with regular exercise can enhance your overall well-being and increase your longevity.

Types

There are two types of nutrients our body’s require:

  • Macronutrients (macro, meaning large)
  • Micronutrients (micro, meaning small)

Macronutrients are rather important as your body needs them in fairly large quantities, and can be split into energy macronutrients from your carbohydrate intake. Micronutrients are equally as important; however, your body needs them in smaller quantities, and they do not provide energy.

Energy Providing Macronutrients

The energy and/or calories in the food we eat comes from three macronutrients: proteins, fats, and carbohydrates.

Protein is the core component of your organs, muscles, living cells and most of your body fluids. Proteins are chains of 20 amino acids linked together. Your body requires all 20 to be present in order to build, maintain and repair themselves. Nine of the 20 required amino acids cannot be made within your
body and must come from your food intake. You can get your protein fix from a wide variety of foods including: meat (chicken, pork, fish, etc.), eggs, beans, milk, oats, peanut butter and much more.

Contrary to popular belief, fats are essential in maintaining a healthy body. Fats build body tissue and cells and help in absorbing additional vitamins and nutrients your body needs. Similar to amino acids, there are also fatty acids your body needs that come from food. However, many people eat too many “bad fats,” rather than “good fats.” When you eat too many “bad fats,” your body stores them in your energy bank as excess body fat. When it’s needed, your body breaks it down for energy, but most often, it just sits there collecting additional fat. You can get your “good fats” from many foods such as avocados, cheese, and nuts.

Carbohydrates, known as the body’s key source of fuel, are chains of simple sugars that are broken down and absorbed into your bloodstream as glucose. Simple carbohydrates can be broken down quickly and provide instant energy, while complex carbohydrates take longer to break down and provide energy. Simple carbohydrates come from various forms of sugar such as sucrose (table sugar), fructose (fruit sugar), lactose (dairy sugar), and glucose (blood sugar). Complex carbohydrates include starch, glycogen, cellulose and are typically found in vegetables and whole grains.

Non-Energy Providing Macronutrients

Although fiber and water are two macronutrients that do not provide energy, they are extremely important to your overall well-being.

Fiber is made up of mostly carbohydrates. It does not provide energy because it’s not easily absorbed by your body. For better nutrition, health and gut bacteria, eat the recommended minimum of 14 grams of fiber for every 1,000 calories in your diet every day. You can get your fiber from many foods such as pears, lentils, avocado, nuts, and oats.

Our body is made up of about 70% water, and is vital for numerous processes within your body. By consuming at least half your body weight in ounces of water each day, you’ll reduce the risk of becoming dehydrated, and keep your body functioning well.

Micronutrients

Although micronutrients are needed in smaller quantiles, here are a list those required:

Minerals

  • Potassium
  • Chloride
  • Sodium
  • Calcium
  • Phosphorus
  • Magnesium
  • Zinc
  • Iron
  • Manganese
  • Copper
  • Iodine
  • Selenium
  • Molybdenum

Vitamins

  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, and B9
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamin E
  • Vitamin K

Most foods contain some, if not all, of these required vitamins and minerals.

Unable to eat these foods? Supplements can help!

Let Us Help You Today!

Did you know we offer nutritional appointments? Our newest chiropractor, Dr. Nicole P. Gebultowicz, has an expert understanding of nutrition from her practice in the state of Illinois. Contact us at (414) 332-6001 for more information or to schedule an appointment with Dr. Gebultowicz today!